Caramel
Time: 2022-09-22 21:54:35; Reading: 0

Caramel

Synonyms

Natural Brown 10;

Category

Special Surfactant

> Browning Reaction Product

Chemical Numbering System

CASRN: 8028-89-5

EINECS: 232-435-9

Molecular Formula & Molecular Weight

Molecular Formula: N/A

Molecular Weight: N/A

Structure

 

Properties

Appearance    (1), solid; (2), liquid.

Solubility    soluble in water.

Stability    stable.

Risk    Solid form: flammable material; irritation, irritation to skin, eye, respiratory system. Harmful products of combustion are CO, CO2 and so on. Contact with strong oxidants, can cause to burn.

GHS (Rev.9) label:  

Ecology    may be hazardous to environment. Water body should be given special attention.

Biodegradability    biodegradable.

Characteristics    excellent masking, dyeing abilities. Nonenzymatic browning reaction, Caramelization reaction.

Synthesis

Made from carbohydrate (such as sucrose, glucose, syrup, etc.) by heating.

Quality Standards & Test Methods

1, Physical and chemical indexes

Item

Physical and chemical indexes

Solid

Actives, %, ≥

95.0

Test Methods

(1), Actives

GB/T 13173 Surface active agents -- Detergents -- Testing methods

2, Hazardous substances indexes

Item

Hazardous substances indexes

Solid

Heavy metals (as Pb), mg/kg, ≤

20

As, mg/kg, ≤

3

Test Methods

(1), Heavy metals (as Pb)

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30799 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of heavy metals

(2), As

Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition)

GB/T 30797 The test method of food detergents -- Determination of total arsenic

3, Product standards

(1), Chinese standards

(1a), GB 1886.64 Food safety national standard -- Food additive -- Caramel

(1b), Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2020 Edition) Caramel

4, Further explanation

(a), On physical and chemical indexes: firstly, shall be indicated carbon atom distribution; secondly, shall be indicated average molecular weight.

(b), Used in cosmetics, should be test for harmful substances; or furtherly test for microorganisms.

Major Uses

1, Typical applications

Use as dye.

2, Personal care products

Dye, perfume in personal care products.

Further information:

(1), In accordance with Safety and Technical Standards for Cosmetics (2015 Edition) of China, be included in the allowable colorants.

Can be applied to all kinds of products.

(2), In accordance with EU regulations (EC) 2009/1223, directive 88/667/EEC, be included in Annex IV/146.

3, Medicine

Pharmaceutical excipient, use as coloring agent. (This section is for reference only, should be implemented according to local Pharmacopoeia.)

4, Food

Use as food additive (coloring agent).

Manufacturers